- Sanskrit (Original): Vīrabhadrāsana I Traditional
- Etymology: Warrior (vīra), friend (bhadra), pose (āsana), traditional
- Fun Fact about the pose: Virabhadrasana I is traditionally practiced with the back heel on the floor. However, nowadays its variation with the heel lifted has become more popular to practice across many yoga styles.
- Asana Type: Standing
- Main length muscle groups: Spinal extensors; intercostals; front leg: abductors, glutes; back leg: psoas major, hamstrings, articularis genu, vastii, gastrocnemius, gracilis, sartorius, soleus, peroneus longus and brevis
- Main strength muscle groups: Rotator cuff; serratus anterior; quadriceps; back leg: gluteus maximus, quadriceps, muscles of the feet
- Vinyasa Breath: Inhale and exhale possible
How to Cue the Pose: Step By Step
- 1Start in a standing position such as Tadasana and step one foot back and place it flat into the floor.
- 2The front foot points directly forward towards the short edge of the mat while the toes of the back foot are turned out about sixty degrees. When you draw a line in between both of your heels from the front to the back, you should be able to place one of your fists in the space between. You can even increase the distance as if you were standing on train tracks to make this pose more accessible.
- 3Root through the feet placing special emphasis on the big toe mount of the front foot and the outer edge of the back foot into the mat.
- 4Square the hips so that both hip bones face forward.
- 5Microbend the back leg and internally rotate the back thigh to square the hips more. Ideally, your hip bones face forward like headlights. Straighten the back leg again keeping the muscles engaged and firm.
- 6Bend the front leg and make sure the knee is stacked exactly above the ankle. Press down through the heel and the big toe mount.
- 7Lift up the pubic bone and draw your navel up.
- 8Open your ribcage and push the ribs forward and up.
- 9Also lift the shoulders up and back before you raise your arms up.
- 10Externally rotate your arms and engage them all the way up to the fingertips.
- 11Lift the chin slightly so that the neck is long while, at the same time, pushing the chest further up toward the ceiling.
- 12Bring your awareness to the engagement of the entire body in Virabhadrasana I Traditional.
Working The Details: Alignment In The Pose
- Square the hips with awareness: Tune in to what is happening in your hip socket. When we step back into Virabhadrasana I Traditional, two movements are required – external rotation and extension. The femur can move in six different directions in the hip socket. Really cultivate this movement and try to feel your thigh bone moving in the hip socket, also when you internally rotate after stepping back. Make sure to have your pelvis adaptable and not rigid and stiff. This will keep your SI joints very happy.
- Move in two directions: Have your hips sinking down as if you were sitting down on a stool and let the rib cage and torso lift up and get lighter. This allows you to extend in two directions within one pose.
- Keep your ankles stable: A common observation in Warrior I Traditional is that the front leg wobbles while the back leg collapses on the inner ankle. Avoid this by keeping the ankles stable. Start by engaging the feet, especially the big toe mount of the front foot and the outer edge and big toe mount of the back foot. Then engage the muscles surrounding your ankles. You can imagine bootstrapping them, wrapping the muscles tighter. Lift the inner leg line and the inner ankle of the back leg.
- Draw the shoulders up: Another common mistake is the alignment of the shoulders. You may have heard the cue to draw the shoulders away from the ears. However, it’s actually much healthier to pull the shoulders up towards the ears (due to the so-called scapulohumeral rhythm). Also, externally rotate the arms and lift the chin up so that the neck is neutrally elongated.
Adapting The Pose Through Modifications
- Take a shorter and wider stance for more stability. This also allows you to stay more upright.
- Keep the hands either on your hips or on the front thigh if extending the arms up to the sky causes shoulder problems or results in a loss of balance and stability. This way, you can focus more on the leg work.
- Keep the back leg slightly bent if you feel too much tension in your inner knee.
- Place a block lengthwise into a wall and just below your front knee. Push your front leg into the block to track your range of motion in the bend of your front leg.
- Fire up your calf muscles by lifting up the front heel. Enjoy the burn!
- Play with different arm positions in Warrior I Traditional. You can, for example, extend the arms to the sides like an airplane, bring the palms together in Anjali Mudra, or intertwine the arms into Eagle (Garudasana) arms. There are so many different options – so let your creativity run free!
- You can also increase the backend in Virabhadrasana I Traditional by opening the rib cage even more. To avoid sinking into the backbend, interlace your thumbs and pull them away from each other. This will activate your back muscles and give you more stability. At the same time, focus on pushing the back thigh up.
Benefits of Virabhadrasana I Traditional
- Virabhadrasana I Traditional strengthens the shoulder muscles and the spine as well as the legs and feet while at the same time increasing the flexibility in these body parts.
- As it works and engages the whole body it increases your core strength and improves focus, balance and stability.
- The pose is a whole-body stretch from your neck, shoulders and arms to your belly and groins, and even down to the legs and ankles. Since it opens your hips, chest and lungs, this asana encourages circulation and respiration and, as a result, energizes the entire body.
- Since Warrior I Traditional is a gentle backbend it’s a great pose for stretching the entire front body while strengthening the legs and glutes as well as the core and upper body muscles.
- Warrior poses in general are essential for building strength and stamina in your yoga practice and are, thus, a great booster for your confidence.
Pose VariationsSee all Poses
Pose variations can be anything that makes the original pose easier or more simple but also anything making it more challenging or adding complexity.
Virabhadrasana I Hasta Garudasana
Warrior I with Eagle Arms
Virabhadrasana I Anjali Mudra
Warrior I with Hands in Prayer
Parivrtta Utthita Ashwa Sanchalanasana
Preparatory PoseSee all Poses
Preparatory poses are poses that have a similar shape to the pose you want to prepare for but maybe in a different alignment towards gravity and/or poses that target specific body areas to warm up, stretch or strengthen in order to lead to the final pose. Include preparatory poses when you build yoga sequences.
Counter PoseSee all Poses
Counter poses serve to balance the body back into neutral after a pose or a set of same poses. E.g. symmetrical poses balancing asymmetrical poses, forward folds or twists balancing backbends, balancing challenging poses with restorative poses. Use counter poses to build sequences that feel amazing – you can use our free Sequence Builder tool to get started.
Urdhva Prasarita Ekapadasana
When I started practicing yoga I learned the version of Virabhadrasana I with heel lifted. The first time I encountered the traditional version of Warrior I it felt very stiff and awkward. After some aversion in the beginning, I have discovered the beauty of the pose and have switched to mainly practicing the traditional alignment. My calves and psoas love me for this.
Content Manager at TINT | Passionate Yoga Teacher
FAQ: Common questions about this pose
The traditional alignment of Warrior I makes it a bit harder to square (i.e. close) the hips because the back heel has to remain on the ground. Lifting the heel of the ground makes it easier to internally rotate the back thigh, so it will be easier to keep the hips closed. However, the lifted heel is also a main cause of instability in the pose for beginner students or practitioners that suffer from tight ankles or insufficient grounding of the feet. The benefit of the traditional Warrior I version is the possibility to deepen your awareness of the movement of your femur in your hip socket. To keep your knee safe you will really need to initiate the internal rotation of the back leg from the thigh bone (femur). Done correctly, Warrior I Traditional will give you an intense stretch of the whole back leg, especially in the calves, ankles and feet.
If done incorrectly, there is a risk of putting too much strain on your back knee in Warrior I Traditional which can lead to injury or wear and tear symptoms. This is why some teachers teach the variation of Virabhadrasana I with the lifted heel. As with many things in the yoga world, there is no right or wrong but more a point of perspective or desired outcome. So please don’t take any rule of thumb for granted, but listen to your own body, try out modifications (see above) and choose a variation in which you can maintain a sustainable practice.
There are many ways to get more familiar with the pose. Follow the above-mentioned alignment details and give constant practice and time to the pose. However, as each body is different, explore how you can modify the pose to make it suitable for your own body and find more ease in the pose. If this means bending the back leg slightly, go for it. If it means something else not mentioned in common alignment practices, go ahead and try it out. Observe what changes.
To be honest, the answer to this question can not be separated into black and white. Many parameters play a relevant role in finding the answer. The first one would be on the capacity of your body's structure to perform both poses. For most people naturally one is harder to perform than the other because of habitual movement patterns. For example, some students are more familiar with rotating their thighs inwards, so Warrior II would be harder. For the practitioner more familiar with the external rotation of the legs, Warrior I can be really hard. Also, both positions can be really challenging, depending on where you are on your yoga journey and for how long you have been practicing. The second parameter is based on what you want to practice and what movements you want to integrate. From this perspective, both poses can be equally challenging. Probably in different aspects, but both demanding since you are working on the pose in detail. There is never an end to a pose and every day on the mat is different. So the answer is never simple. ;)
The Warrior Poses have their names from Virabhadra, a powerful warrior figure in Hindu mythology. The story of Virabhadra is a story of love. Lord Shiva, the Hindu God of Dissolution, created Virabhadra as a reincarnation of himself to avenge the death of his wife Sati (or Shakti). When Sati and Shiva married, Sati’s father did not approve and cut her off from the family. In her grief, Sati eventually killed herself and Shiva created his warrior-friend to take vengeance. As in most mythological stories, there are always different ways and perspectives to tell a story, so there is more than one explanation to this question.